class Dir

Overview

Objects of class Dir are directory streams representing directories in the underlying file system. They provide a variety of ways to list directories and their contents. See also File.

The directory used in these examples contains the two regular files (config.h and main.rb), the parent directory (..), and the directory itself (.).

Included Modules

Defined in:

dir.cr
dir/glob.cr

Class Method Summary

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from module Iterable

cycle
cycle(n)
cycle
, each each, each_cons(count : Int) each_cons, each_slice(count : Int) each_slice, each_with_index(offset = 0) each_with_index, each_with_object(obj) each_with_object

Instance methods inherited from module Enumerable(T)

all?
all?(&block)
all?
, any?
any?(&block)
any?
, compact_map(&block) compact_map, count(item)
count(&block)
count
, cycle(&block)
cycle(n, &block)
cycle
, each(&block : T -> _) each, each_cons(count : Int, &block) each_cons, each_slice(count : Int, &block) each_slice, each_with_index(offset = 0, &block) each_with_index, each_with_object(obj, &block) each_with_object, find(if_none = nil, &block) find, first first, first? first?, flat_map(&block : T -> Array(U)) flat_map, grep(pattern) grep, group_by(&block : T -> U) group_by, in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with = nil, &block)
in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with = nil)
in_groups_of
, includes?(obj) includes?, index(obj)
index(&block)
index
, index_by(&block : T -> U) index_by, join(separator = "")
join(separator, io, &block)
join(separator = "", &block)
join(separator, io)
join
, map(&block : T -> U) map, map_with_index(&block : T, Int32 -> U) map_with_index, max max, max? max?, max_by(&block : T -> U) max_by, max_by?(&block : T -> U) max_by?, max_of(&block : T -> U) max_of, max_of?(&block : T -> U) max_of?, min min, min? min?, min_by(&block : T -> U) min_by, min_by?(&block : T -> U) min_by?, min_of(&block : T -> U) min_of, min_of?(&block : T -> U) min_of?, minmax minmax, minmax? minmax?, minmax_by(&block : T -> U) minmax_by, minmax_by?(&block : T -> U) minmax_by?, minmax_of(&block : T -> U) minmax_of, minmax_of?(&block : T -> U) minmax_of?, none?(&block)
none?
none?
, one?(&block) one?, partition(&block) partition, reduce(&block)
reduce(memo, &block)
reduce
, reject(&block : T -> ) reject, select(&block : T -> ) select, size size, skip(count : Int) skip, skip_while(&block) skip_while, sum(initial, &block)
sum(&block)
sum(initial)
sum
sum
, take(count : Int) take, take_while(&block) take_while, to_a to_a, to_h to_h, to_set to_set

Instance methods inherited from class Reference

! !, ==(other)
==(other : self)
==
, hash hash, inspect(io : IO) : Nil inspect, nil? nil?, object_id object_id, same?(other : Nil)
same?(other : Reference)
same?
, to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s

Instance methods inherited from class Object

! !, !=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other) ===, =~(other) =~, class class, clone clone, crystal_type_id crystal_type_id, dup dup, hash hash, inspect
inspect(io : IO)
inspect
, itself itself, not_nil! not_nil!, tap(&block) tap, to_json to_json, to_pretty_json(io : IO)
to_pretty_json
to_pretty_json
, to_s
to_s(io : IO)
to_s
, to_yaml(io : IO)
to_yaml
to_yaml
, try(&block) try

Class methods inherited from class Object

==(other : Class) ==, ===(other) ===, cast(other) : self cast, from_json(string_or_io) from_json, from_yaml(string : String) from_yaml, hash hash, inspect(io) inspect, name : String name, to_s(io) to_s

Class Method Detail

def self.[](*patterns) #

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def self.[](patterns : Enumerable(String)) #

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def self.cd(path, &block) #

Changes the current working directory of the process to the given string and invokes the block, restoring the original working directory when the block exits.


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def self.cd(path) #

Changes the current working directory of the process to the given string.


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def self.current #

Returns the current working directory.


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def self.entries(dirname) #

Returns an array containing all of the filenames in the given directory.


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def self.exists?(path) #

Returns true if the given path exists and is a directory


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def self.foreach(dirname, &block) #

Calls the block once for each entry in the named directory, passing the filename of each entry as a parameter to the block.


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def self.glob(patterns : Enumerable(String), &block) #

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def self.glob(*patterns, &block) #

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def self.glob(*patterns) #

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def self.glob(patterns : Enumerable(String)) #

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def self.mkdir(path, mode = 511) #

Creates a new directory at the given path. The linux-style permission mode can be specified, with a default of 777 (0o777).


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def self.mkdir_p(path, mode = 511) #

Creates a new directory at the given path, including any non-existing intermediate directories. The linux-style permission mode can be specified, with a default of 777 (0o777).


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def self.open(path) #

Alias for .new(path)


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def self.open(path, &block) #

Opens a directory and yields it, closing it at the end of the block. Returns the value of the block.


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def self.rmdir(path) #

Removes the directory at the given path.


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def self.new(path) #

Returns a new directory object for the named directory.


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Instance Method Detail

def close #

Closes the directory stream.


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def each #

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def each(&block) #

Calls the block once for each entry in this directory, passing the filename of each entry as a parameter to the block.

d = Dir.new("testdir")
d.each { |x| puts "Got #{x}" }

produces:

Got .
Got ..
Got config.h
Got main.rb

[View source]
def path #

[View source]
def read #

Reads the next entry from dir and returns it as a string. Returns nil at the end of the stream.

d = Dir.new("testdir")
d.read # => "."
d.read # => ".."
d.read # => "config.h"

[View source]
def rewind #

Repositions this directory to the first entry.


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def to_s(io) #

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